Resolution on Plain Packaging Exposed
The Resolution Urging the Obama Administration to Protect Intellectual Property Rights and Oppose Plain Packaging Initiative Proposed by Trading Partners Worldwide was adopted by ALEC's International Relations Task Force on August 5, 2010, approved by the ALEC Board of Directors September 19, 2010. ALEC has attempted to distance itself from this piece of legislation after the launch of ALECexposed.org in 2011, but it has done nothing to get it repealed in the states where it previously pushed for it to be made into law.
CMD's Bill Summary
From its 1998 resolution in support of "Fast Track" Trade Promotion Authority, which was used to push a permanent normal trading relationship with China through Congress in 2000 with little discussion or debate, to more recent resolutions in support of the proposed Colombia, Panama and Korea Free Trade Agreements, ALEC has consistently urged its members to support a radical "free trade" agenda. This free trade agenda has cost America millions of jobs as factories closed and moved overseas in search of cheaper labor. Since 2001, an estimated 2.4 million American jobs have been lost to China alone. Now a diverse array of service sector jobs, from accounting and tax preparation to health care and credit card servicing are being off-shored under these agreements. Such free trade agreements also allow public health, consumer, environmental and worker safety rules to be challenged as "barriers to trade" in trade tribunals that operate outside the constraints of U.S. law.
ALEC has also been a major promoter of the U.S. tobacco industry, which seeks to hook new generations of smokers on their products around the world. Reynolds Tobacco was the corporate co-chair of the International Relations Task Force of ALEC. ALEC has a trade resolution specifically targeting the European Union ban on Snus, a moist tobacco product often marketed to the young with fruit flavors. Reynolds produces Camel Snus in four flavors and is not happy that this dangerous product is banned in most of Europe. Note that ALEC maintains a list of "International Delegates," which are elected government officials around the world.
ALEC Resolution Text
WHEREAS, protection and enforcement of intellectual property rights (IPR) are crucial to the future of the innovation-based economy; and
WHEREAS, the Obama Administration released the 2010 Joint Strategic Plan on Intellectual Property Enforcement in June highlighting the importance of IPRs to the U.S. economy; and pledged to work with U.S. trading partners and within international organizations to better enforce American intellectual property rights in the flobal economy; and
WHEREAS, the Obama Administration pledged to initiate a comprehensive review of current efforts in support of U.S> businesses that have difficulty enforcing their intellectual property rights in overseas markets; and
WHEREAS, U.S. intellectual property is worth an estimated $5.5 trillion, more than the GDP of any country, and IP-related industries account for more than half of all U.S. exports, helping to drive 40% of America's domestic growth; and
WHEREAS, intellectual property, including trademarks, are essential to a company's ability to compete and thrive in the global economy; and plain packaging legislation is, in effect, a government seizure of a corporation's most valuable asset, its brand, trademark and/or logo; and
WHEREAS, the American Legislative Exchange Council (ALEC) recognizes the importance to the market economy of protecting IPR, including trademarks; and
WHEREAS, plain packaging proposals mandate that consumer products be packaged in plain or brown matte paper, using standardized font, no color and without logos or any other identifying characteristics; and
WHEREAS, legislatures in a number of countries and regions including but not limited to Australia, Canada and the Euopean Union are considering policies that would result in plain packaging mandates; and
WHEREAS. compliance with pain packaging regulations would wipe out the value of goodwill accrued by a company over many years through the development of its trademark and branding; and
WHEREAS, IPR protections provides predictability and certainty for consumers and producers; and
WHEREAS, IPR protection, including the protection of trademarks, is codified in the Paris Convention for the Protection of Industrial Property to which the United States and said countries that are considering plain packaging regulations are signatories; and
WHEREAS, the United States along with all other members of the World Trade Organization (WTO), including the countries considering plain packaging legislation, are parties to the Trade-Related Aspects of Intellectual Property (TRIPS) Agreement, which has codified the importance of protecting IPR, including trademarks; and
WHEREAS, the United States along with all other members of the WTO, including the countries considering plain-packaging legislation, are parties to the Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Agreement which requires that technical regulations, including packaging and labeling requirements, should avoid unnecessary obstacles to trade; and
WHEREAS, a number of countries currently considering plain-packaging proposals have bilateral trade agreements with the United States which have provisions protecting IPR, including trademarks; and
WHEREAS, plain packaging and labeling requirements would appear to be inconsistent with the IPR provisions in TRIPS, the TBT and certain bilateral free trade agreements entered into by the United States and set a dangerous precedent that could further erode current international IPR protection and enforcement efforts; and
WHEREAS, the U.S. Chamber of Commerce and other U.S organizations recognize that plain packaging is likely to increase the incidence of counterfeiting and will harm brands and industries by decreasing the amount of differentiation between product and introducing an element of risk into the market; and
WHEREAS, plain packaging will decrease consumer confidence in goods because of a lack of knowledge as to the origin and quality of the product; and
NOW THEREFORE BE IT RESOLVED that ALEC call upon the Obama Administration's new IP Enforcements Coordinator, Victoria Espinel, to continue to uphold intellectual property rights by speaking out against calls for plain packaging legislation by our trading partners; and
BE IT FURTHER RESOLVED, that ALEC urge legislatures around the world to reject plain packaging legislation it is asked to consider; and
BE IT FURTHER RESOLVED, that ALEC will submit this resolution to Victoria Espinel, U.S. IP Enforcement Coordinator at the U.S. Office of Management and Budget, U.S. Trade Representative Ron Kirk, U.S. Department of Commerce, the Australian government, the British Parliament, the European Union's European Economic and Social Committee, the Director General Trade and the governments of countries that consider enacting plain packaging regulations in the future.