Resolution Supporting the Reevaluation of Argentina's General System of Preferences (GSP) Benefits by the U.S. Trade Representative Exposed
The Resolution Supporting the Reevaluation of Argentina's General System of Preferences (GSP) Benefits by the U.S. Trade Representative was adopted by ALEC's International Relations Task Force at the States and Nation Policy Summit on December 3, 2010, approved by the ALEC Board of Directors January 7, 2011. ALEC has attempted to distance itself from this piece of legislation after the launch of ALECexposed.org in 2011, but it has done nothing to get it repealed in the states where it previously pushed for it to be made into law.
CMD'S Bill Summary
From its 1998 resolution in support of "Fast Track" Trade Promotion Authority, which was used to push a permanent normal trading relationship with China through Congress in 2000 with little discussion or debate, to more recent resolutions in support of the proposed Colombia, Panama and Korea Free Trade Agreements, ALEC has consistently urged its members to support a radical "free trade" agenda. This free trade agenda has cost America millions of jobs as factories closed and moved overseas in search of cheaper labor. Since 2001, an estimated 2.4 million American jobs have been lost to China alone. Now a diverse array of service sector jobs, from accounting and tax preparation to health care and credit card servicing are being off-shored under these agreements. Such free trade agreements also allow public health, consumer, environmental and worker safety rules to be challenged as "barriers to trade" in trade tribunals that operate outside the constraints of U.S. law.
ALEC has also been a major promoter of the U.S. tobacco industry, which seeks to hook new generations of smokers on their products around the world. Reynolds Tobacco was the corporate co-chair of the International Relations Task Force of ALEC. ALEC has a trade resolution specifically targeting the European Union ban on Snus, a moist tobacco product often marketed to the young with fruit flavors. Reynolds produces Camel Snus in four flavors and is not happy that this dangerous product is banned in most of Europe. Note that ALEC maintains a list of "International Delegates," which are elected government officials around the world.
ALEC Resolution Text
WHEREAS, Generalized System of Preferences (GSP) benefits have allowed participating developing countries to enjoy duty-free treatment on the great majority of their exports to the United States since 1974; and
WHEREAS, Argentina has consistently ignored its responsibilities as a Beneficiary Developing Country (BDC) under the General System of Preferences; and
WHEREAS, Argentina's failure to provide fair and adequate compensation following its 2001 default on $8.7 billion of government bonds held by U.S. citizens and its persistent refusal to engage in good faith negotiations regarding such compensation constitute violation of these requirements as well as seizure of U.S. property; and
WHEREAS, Argentina's refusal to repay its debt obligations to U.S. and international bondholders cost U.S. taxpayers, investors and creditors $20.5 billion from 2001 to 2008; Argentina's refusal to repay outstanding debt to New York taxpayers, investors and creditors alone cost $1,981 million until December 2008; and
WHEREAS, Argentina has also refused to fairly negotiate its debt with Paris Club lenders, an informal group of official creditor nations which includes the U.S. and portions of which were funded with U.S. taxpayer dollars; and
WHEREAS, Argentina is one of the wealthiest nations to receive GSP benefits but has consistently refused to recognize over 100 court judgments ruled in the U.S. Southern District Court of New York ordering repayment; and
WHEREAS, Argentina is in possession of over $51 billion in Central bank reserves and is unwilling, although capable, of repaying its debts to U.S. creditors; and
WHEREAS, Argentina's average tariff rate is almost five times that of the U.S. (its bound rate 10 times that of the U.S.); and
WHEREAS, the Argentine government has raised tariffs and imposed new customs and licensing procedures and other measures with the intention of further blocking access to its market; and
WHEREAS, Argentina also imposes higher export taxes on raw materials relative to those on processed products, effectively subsidizing the export of processed products; and
WHEREAS, Argentina's severe shortcomings in the area of intellectual property, which include rampant piracy, counterfeiting, major enforcement problems, and a backlog of patent applications, have placed it squarely on the United States Trade Representative (USTR) Priority Watch List; and
WHEREAS, Argentina also accounts for 84 percent of all pending cases in the World Bank's International Centre for Settlement of Investment Disputes (ICSID) - 27 out of 30 - against institutions in other G-20 countries; as final and binding judgements, Argentina's refusal to recognize and honor these judgements exhibits contempt for international rule of law; and
WHEREAS, Argentina's failure to recognize the validity of ICSID cases judged against it constitutes a breach of its obligations under the ICSID Convention, a multilateral treaty to which the U.S. is a party; and
WHEREAS, The Argentine government has denied full transparency by refusing to take part in the International Monetary Fund's (IMF) Article IV Review since its debt default, which is a prerequisite for receiving IMF loans and negotiating a Paris Club settlement; and
WHEREAS, Argentina has continued to receive benefits from organizations such as the World Bank, a multilateral institution which receives a portion of its funding from the U.S. and its taxpayers; and
WHEREAS, Argentina's pattern of undemocratic domestic policies, including the government seizure of private pension funds and steps to overtake foreign exchange reserves from the Central Bank, should bar its participation in the GSP program as he purpose of these trade benefits is to enhance democracy and economic development; and
WHEREAS, U.S. state exports benefit from reciprocal trade programs; and a foreign trade agreement with Argentina would have a greater effect on the country's policies than participating in the GSP program
THEREFORE, BE IT RESOLVED that ALEC supports USTR's reevaluation of Argentina's GSP beneficiary status for withdrawal or suspension; and
BE IT FURTHER RESOLVED that ALEC urges members of the U.S. Congress to support the withdrawal of Argentina's GSP benefits; and
BE IT FURTHER RESOLVED that a copy of this Resolution be forwarded to the President of the United States, to the Chairman and Ranking Members of the U.S. Senate Finance Committee, U.S. House of Foreign Affairs Committee and U.S. House Committee on Ways and Means, to the U.S. Trade Representative and the Subcommittee on Generalized System of Preferences (GSP), and to the Secretary of State.